Japanese Surnames

Western customs have been widely adopted in Japanese dealings abroad and these include the traditional order in which names are written. In Japan the surname should come first, despite the regular use of the Western style. Most surnames consist of two kanji characters.

Abe Abukara Adachi Aida Aihara Aizawa
Ajibana Akaike Akamatsu Akatsuka Akechi Akera
Akimoto Akita Akiyama Akutagawa Amagawa Amaya
Amori Anami Ando Anzai Aoki Arai
Arakawa Araki Arakida Arato Arihyoshi Arishima
Arita Ariwa Ariwara Asahara Asahi Asai
Asano Asanuma Asari Ashia Ashida Ashikaga
Asuhara Atshushi Ayabito Ayugai Baba Baisotei
Bando Bunya Chiba Chikamatsu Chikanatsu Chino
Chishu Choshi Daishi Dan Date Dazai
Deguchi Deushi Doi Ebina Ebisawa Eda
Egami Eguchi Ekiguchi Endo Endoso Enoki
Enomoto Erizawa Eto Etsuko Ezakiya Fuchida
Fugunaga Fujikage Fujimaki Fujimoto Fujioka Fujishima
Fujita Fujiwara Fukao Fukayama Fukuda Fukumitsu
Fukunaka Fukuoka Fukusaku Fukushima Fukuyama Fukuzawa
Fumihiko Funabashi Funaki Funakoshi Furusawa Fuschida
Fuse Futabatei Fuwa Gakusha Genda Genji
Gensai Godo Goto Gushiken Hachirobei Haga
Hagino Hagiwara Hama Hamacho Hamada Hamaguchi
Hamamoto Hanabusa Hanari Handa Hara Harada
Haruguchi Hasegawa Hasekura Hashimoto Hasimoto Hatakeda
Hatakeyama Hatayama Hatoyama Hattori Hayakawa Hayami
Hayashi Hayashida Hayata Hayuata Hida Hideaki
Hideki Hideyoshi Higashikuni Higashiyama Higo Higoshi
Higuchi Hike Hino Hira Hiraga Hiraki
Hirano Hiranuma Hiraoka Hirase Hirasi Hirata
Hiratasuka Hirayama Hiro Hirose Hirota Hiroyuki
Hisamatsu Hishida Hishikawa Hitomi Hiyama Hohki
Hojo Hokusai Honami Honda Hori Horigome
Horigoshi Horiuchi Horri Hoshino Hosokawa Hosokaya
Hotate Hotta Hyata Hyobanshi Ibi Ibu
Ibuka Ichigawa Ichihara Ichikawa Ichimonji Ichiro
Ichisada Ichiyusai Idane Iemochi Ienari Iesada
Ieyasu Ieyoshi Igarashi Ihara Ii Iida
Iijima Iitaka Ijichi Ijiri Ikeda Ikina
Ikoma Imada Imagawa Imai Imaizumi Imamura
Imoo Ina Inaba Inao Inihara Ino
Inoguchi Inokuma Inoue Inouye Inukai Ippitsusai
Irie Iriye Isayama Ise Iseki Iseya
Ishibashi Ishida Ishiguro Ishihara Ishikawa Ishimaru
Ishimura Ishinomori Ishiyama Isobe Isoda Isozaki
Itagaki Itami Ito Itoh Iwahara Iwahashi
Iwakura Iwasa Iwasaki Izumi Jimbo Jippensha
Jo Joshuya Joshuyo Jukodo Jumonji Kada
Kagabu Kagawa Kahae Kahaya Kaibara Kaima
Kajahara Kajitani Kajiwara Kajiyama Kakinomoto Kakutama
Kamachi Kamata Kaminaga Kamio Kamioka Kamisaka
Kamo Kamon Kan Kanada Kanagaki Kanegawa
Kaneko Kanesaka Kano Karamorita Karube Karubo
Kasahara Kasai Kasamatsu Kasaya Kase Kashiwagi
Kasuse Kataoka Katayama Katayanagi Kate Kato
Katoaka Katsu Katsukawa Katsumata Katsura Katsushika
Kawabata Kawachi Kawagichi Kawagishi Kawaguchi Kawai
Kawaii Kawakami Kawamata Kawamura Kawasaki Kawasawa
Kawashima Kawasie Kawatake Kawate Kawayama Kawazu
Kaza Kazuyoshi Kenkyusha Kenmotsu Kentaro Ki
Kido Kihara Kijimuta Kijmuta Kikkawa Kikuchi
Kikugawa Kikui Kikutake Kimio Kimiyama Kimura
Kinashita Kinoshita Kinugasa Kira Kishi Kiski
Kita Kitabatake Kitagawa Kitamura Kitano Kitao
Kitoaji Ko Kobayashi Kobi Kodama Koga
Kogara Kogo Koguchi Koiso Koizumi Kojima
Kokan Komagata Komatsu Komatsuzaki Komine Komiya
Komon Komura Kon Konae Konda Kondo
Konishi Kono Konoe Koruba Koshin Kotara
Kotoku Koyama Koyanagi Kozu Kubo Kubota
Kudara Kudo Kuga Kumagae Kumasaka Kunda
Kunikida Kunisada Kuno Kunomasu Kuramochi Kuramoto
Kurata Kurkawa Kurmochi Kuroda Kurofuji Kurogane
Kurohiko Kuroki Kurosawa Kurusu Kusatsu Kusonoki
Kusuhara Kusunoki Kuwabara Kwakami Kyubei Maeda
Maehata Maeno Maita Makiguchi Makino Makioka
Makuda Marubeni Marugo Marusa Maruya Maruyama
Masanobu Masaoka Mashita Masoni Masudu Masuko
Masuno Masuzoe Matano Matokai Matoke Matsuda
Matsukata Matsuki Matsumara Matsumoto Matsumura Matsuo
Matsuoka Matsura Matsushina Matsushita Matsuya Matsuzawa
Mayuzumi Mazaki Mazawa Mazuka Mifune Mihashi
Miki Mimasuya Minabuchi Minami Minamoto Minatoya
Minobe Mishima Mitsubishi Mitsuharu Mitsui Mitsukuri
Mitsuwa Mitsuya Mitzusaka Miura Miwa Miyagi
Miyahara Miyajima Miyake Miyamae Miyamoto Miyazaki
Miyazawa Miyoshi Mizoguchi Mizumaki Mizuno Mizutani
Modegi Momotami Momotani Monomonoi Mori Moriguchi
Morimoto Morinaga Morioka Morishita Morisue Morita
Morri Moto Motoori Motoyoshi Munakata Munkata
Muraguchi Murakami Muraoka Murasaki Murase Murata
Murkami Muro Muruyama Mushanaokoji Mushashibo Muso
Mutsu Nagahama Nagai Nagano Nagasawa Nagase
Nagata Nagatsuka Nagumo Naito Nakada Nakadai
Nakadan Nakae Nakagawa Nakahara Nakajima Nakamoto
Nakamura Nakane Nakanishi Nakano Nakanoi Nakao
Nakasato Nakasawa Nakasone Nakata Nakatoni Nakayama
Nakazawa Namiki Nanami Narahashi Narato Narita
Nataga Natsume Nawabe Nemoto Niijima Nijo
Ninomiya Nishi Nishihara Nishikawa Nishimoto Nishimura
Nishimuraya Nishio Nishiwaki Nitta Nobunaga Noda
Nogi Noguchi Nogushi Nomura Nonomura Noro
Nosaka Nose Nozaki Nozara Numajiri Numata
Obata Obinata Obuchi Ochiai Ochida Odaka
Ogata Ogiwara Ogura Ogyu Ohba Ohira
Ohishi Ohka Ohmae Ohmiya Oichi Oinuma
Oishi Okabe Okada Okakura Okamoto Okamura
Okanao Okanaya Okano Okasawa Okawa Okazaki
Okazawaya Okimasa Okimoto Okita Okubo Okuda
Okui Okuma Okuma Okumura Okura Omori
Omura Onishi Ono Onoda Onoe Onohara
Ooka Osagawa Osaragi Oshima Oshin Ota
Otaka Otake Otani Otomo Otsu Otsuka
Ouchi Oyama Ozaki Ozawa Ozu Raikatuji
Royama Ryusaki Sada Saeki Saga Saigo
Saiki Saionji Saito Saitoh Saji Sakagami
Sakai Sakakibara Sakamoto Sakanoue Sakata Sakiyurai
Sakoda Sakubara Sakuraba Sakurai Sammiya Sanda
Sanjo Sano Santo Saromi Sarumara Sasada
Sasakawa Sasaki Sassa Satake Sato Satoh
Satoya Sawamatsu Sawamura Sayuki Segawa Sekigawa
Sekine Sekozawa Sen Senmatsu Seo Serizawa
Shiba Shibaguchi Shibanuma Shibasaki Shibasawa Shibata
Shibukji Shichirobei Shidehara Shiga Shiganori Shige
Shigeki Shigemitsu Shigi Shikitei Shikuk Shima
Shimada Shimakage Shimamura Shimanouchi Shimaoka Shimazaki
Shimazu Shimedzu Shimizu Shimohira Shimon Shimura
Shimuzu Shinko Shinozaki Shinozuka Shintaro Shiokawa
Shiomi Shiomiya Shionoya Shiotani Shioya Shirahata
Shirai Shiraishi Shirane Shirasu Shiratori Shirokawa
Shiroyama Shiskikura Shizuma Shobo Shoda Shunji
Shunsen Siagyo Soga Sohda Soho Soma
Someya Sone Sonoda Soseki Sotomura Suenami
Sugai Sugase Sugawara Sugihara Sugimura Sugisata
Sugita Sugitani Sugiyama Sumitimo Sunada Suzambo
Suzuki Tabuchi Tadeshi Tagawa Taguchi Taira
Taka Takabe Takagaki Takagawa Takagi Takahama
Takahashi Takaki Takamura Takano Takaoka Takara
Takarabe Takashi Takashita Takasu Takasugi Takayama
Takecare Takeda Takei Takekawa Takemago Takemitsu
Takemura Takenouchi Takeshita Taketomo Takeuchi Takewaki
Takimoto Takishida Takishita Takizawa Taku Takudo
Takudome Tamazaki Tamura Tamuro Tanaka Tange
Tani Taniguchi Tanizaki Tankoshitsu Tansho Tanuma
Tarumi Tatenaka Tatsuko Tatsuno Tatsuya Tawaraya
Tayama Temko Tenshin Terada Terajima Terakado
Terauchi Teshigahara Teshima Tochikura Togo Tojo
Tokaji Tokuda Tokudome Tokuoka Tomika Tomimoto
Tomioka Tommii Tomonaga Tomori Tono Torii
Torisei Toru Toshishai Toshitala Toshusai Toyama
Toyoda Toyoshima Toyota Toyotomi Tsubouchi Tsucgimoto
Tsuchie Tsuda Tsuji Tsujimoto Tsujimura Tsukada
Tsukade Tsukahara Tsukamoto Tsukatani Tsukawaki Tsukehara
Tsukioka Tsumemasa Tsumura Tsunoda Tsurimi Tsuruga
Tsuruya Tsushima Tsutaya Tsutomu Uboshita Uchida
Uchiyama Ueda Uehara Uemura Ueshima Uesugi
Uetake Ugaki Ui Ukiyo Umari Umehara
Umeki Uno Uoya Urogataya Usami Ushiba
Utagawa Wakai Wakatsuki Watabe Watanabe Watari
Watnabe Watoga Yakuta Yamabe Yamada Yamagata
Yamaguchi Yamaguchiya Yamaha Yamahata Yamakage Yamakawa
Yamakazi Yamamoto Yamamura Yamana Yamanaka Yamanouchi
Yamanoue Yamaoka Yamashita Yamato Yamawaki Yamazaki
Yamhata Yamura Yanagawa Yanagi Yanagimoto Yanagita
Yano Yasuda Yasuhiro Yasui Yasujiro Yasukawa
Yasutake Yoemon Yokokawa Yokoyama Yonai Yosano
Yoshida Yoshifumi Yoshihara Yoshikawa Yoshimatsu Yoshinobu
Yoshioka Yoshitomi Yoshizaki Yoshizawa Yuasa Yuhara
Yunokawa          

Common Surname Elements

Aka red

ao blue

asa shallow

fuka deep

hashi/bashi bridge

hata/bata cropfield

hayashi/bayashi wood

higashi east

Ike pond

ishi stone

ita board

iwa rock

kawa river

ki tree

kita north

kiyo pure

kuro black

mae front

matsu pinewood

minami south

mizu water

mori forest

moto near

mura village

naka in

nishi west

no plain

numa marsh

oka hill

saka slope

saki/zaki cape/edge

sawa/zawa stream

shima/jima island

shita/shimo lower

sugi cedar

ta/da ricefield

take bamboo

tani valley

tsuka below

uchi in

ue/kami upper

yama mountain

yoko side

yone rice

Noble Families

Gosetsuke (top five)

Konoe Takashi Kujo Ichijo Gojo

Aburakoji Anenokoji Asukai Daigo Hirohata Imaidegawa
Inokuma Jimyoin Kajuji Kaoin Karasuma Kawashi
Konjo Kuga Masachika Matsuki Minase Nakayama
Nanba Nomiya Oimikado Rakujochigusa Reizei Saioji
Sanjo Shigenoi Shijo Shimizudani Tokudaiji Washio
Yamashina          

Bushi or samurai families

Asai Askikaga Chosokabe Date Fukushima Genji
Hachisuka Hattori Heike Hojo Honda Hosokawa
Ishida Kaga Kato Kuki Kuroda Maeda
Matsudaira Miyamoto Mori Murakami Oda Okamoto
Okubo Ooka Saito Shibata Shimazu Suwa
Takeda Takigawa Tanuma Tokugawa Ukita Watanabe