Turkey

Capital : Ankara

Aydin, Afyonkara-hisar, Agri, Amasya, Antalya, Balikesir, Bingol, Burdur, Bursa, Bolu, Corum, Adana, Adiyaman, Ankara, Artun, Bitlis, Canakkale, Cankin, Diyarbakir, Edirne, Hakkari, Gümüshane, Hatay, Mus, Erzinram, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Icel, Elazig, Isparta, Istambul, Izmir, Kahramanmaras, Konya, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kutahya, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Korogwe, Malatya, Manisa, Mugla, Nevsehir, Nigde, Sürt, Ordu, Sakarya, Samun, Sinop, Sivas, Tekirdeg, Trabzon, Tunceli, Tokat, Urfa, Usak, Van, Yozgat, Zonguldak

Size: 301 000 sq m Popn: 58 775 000

History

The Turks spread from Mongolia into Turkestan in the C6th AD and adopted Islam in the C7th. The Seljuk Turks gained political control of the caliphate in 1055 and established an empire in Asia Minor. The Ottoman Turks were driven out of central Asia by the Mongols and entered the service of the Seljuks but Osman I founded his own kingdom in 1299. After overrunning Asia Minor, the Ottomans turned their attentions towards Europe, taking Gallipoli in 1354, Constantinople in 1453 and mastering the Balkans by 1480. The Empire continued to expand until 1550, by which it had conquered Egypt, Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia and most of Hungary. Cyprus was taken in 1571 and Crete in 1669.

The Christians began to strike back in 1683, defeating the Turks outside Vienna. The Turks lost Hungary in 1699 and Russia ousted them from Moldavia, Wallachia and the Crimea in 1774. In the Balkans, the Serbian revolt of 1805 was unsuccessful but the Greeks threw off Turkish rule in 1821-9. Russia tried to exploit the situation but France and Britain resisted this, fighting on the Turkish side in the Crimea. A new war between Russia and Turkey began with the Bulgarian uprising of 1876 and Turkey lost Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina under the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. The Young Turks, a militant nationalist group, managed to have a constitution granted in 1908 and the subsequent crisis led to Italy taking Tripoli in 1911-12. The Balkan states expelled the Turks from Albania and Macedonia in 1912-13. Turkey entered World War I on the German side in 1914 and lost Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia and its nominal control of Egypt.

The Greeks occupied Izmir in 1919, provoking the establishment of a national congress under the presidency of Mustapha Kemal, who had been born in Thessaloniki but was banished for joining a revolutionary society in 1904. He was largely responsible for the successful defence of the Dardanelles against Britain in 1915 and defeated French and Italian troops and expelled the Greeks in 1922. Kemal was granted the title of Ghazi 'the Victorious' after the Battle of Sakaria in 1921. Peace was concluded in 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne and Turkey proclaimed itself as an independent republic under Kemal as president. His diplomacy averted war with Britain and he introduced a policy of westernization and a new legal code, ruling the republic as a virtual dictator. In 1934, he took the name 'Atatò rk' or 'father of the Turks' and his People's Party remained in power after his death in 1938.

Turkey's first free elections, held in 1950, were won by the Democratic Party under Celal Bayar and Adnan Menderes who became president and prime minister respectively. After the Second World War, Turkey felt threatened by the USSR and joined NATO in 1952 and the Baghdad Pact, later the Central Treaty Organization, in 1955, although this was dissolved in 1979. In 1960, a military coup led by General Cemal Gò rsel, executed Menderes and imprisoned Bayar. A new constitution was adopted in 1961 and civilian rule restored with Cemal Gò rsel as president. A series of governments followed, mostly under the leadership of the veteran politician Ismet Inonu, until the Justice Party came to power under Suleyman Demirel in 1965. After strikes and student unrest, the army forced Demirel to resign in 1971 and the country returned to military rule.

In 1973, civilian government was restored with a coalition led by Bulent Ecevit. Turkey sent troops to Cyprus the following year to protect the Turkish-Cypriot community, leading to the effective partition of the island but Ecevit's government fell when he refused to annex northern Cyprus. Suleyman Demirel returned as head of a right-wing coalition and retained a precarious hold on power after the inconclusive elections of 1977. Ecevit returned as leader of another coalition in 1978 but was faced with economic deterioration, strikes and sectional violence and resigned in 1979 after losing his working majority. Demirel returned in November but violence continued and in September, 1980, the army set up a national security council with Bulent Ulusu as prime minister. It established a harsh regime, imposed martial law and suspended political activity.

Under strong international pressure to return to a more democratic system, Turkey allowed political parties to operate again from May 1983 and the old parties reformed under new names. Three of them contested the assembly elections in November - the conservative Motherland Party (ANAP), the Nationalist Democracy Party (MDP) and the Populist Party (SDPP). The ANAP won a large majority and its leader, Turgat š zal, became prime minister. He was elected president in 1989 with Yildirim Akbulut becoming prime minister. Mesut Yilmaz became leader of the ANAP in 1991 and replaced Akbulut. Although Turkey made significant improvements in its human rights record, it was refused membership of the EC in 1989. It supported the US-led forces in the Gulf War of 1990-1, allowing them to use vital bases within the country. After an inconclusive general election in 1991, Demirel returned as premier for the seventh time in November, forming a coalition government supported by the Social Democratic Populist Party.

Turkish Names

 

Male

AÎ ch¾ Abaza Abdi Abdülhamîd Abdulkadir Abdullah
Abdülmecîd Abdulmuîn Abi Abidin Adem Adil
Adnan Adûd Afþar Afþin Agah Ahmad
Ahmed Ahmet Ajlan Akar Akara Akçay
Akdes Akðn Akhun Akif Akin Aksemseddîn
Alaattin Alâeddin Alaydin Al-Ghawrî Âlî Alim
Alp Alparslan Alper Alptekin Altan Altay
Altus Anðl Anka Aral Aras Argün
Arslan Artaç Asðm Asil Aslan Ata
Atabey Atagün Atakan Atan Atanur Ataol
Atay Atðf Atðl Atek Ateþ Atila
Atilla Avni Aybars Ayberk Aydðn Aydin
Aykan Aytaç Aytekin Azad Aziz Azmi
Babür Baha Bahadðr Bahri Bahtiyar Baki
Bala Balaban Baler Balîm Barak Barbaros
Barðþ Baris Basir Basri Batðkan Battal
Batu Batuhan Batur Bayar Baybars Bâyezîd
Bayezit Bayram Bedirhan Bedrettin Bedri Behçet
Behiç Behlil Behlül Bekir Bekri Bektas
Benan Berk Berkant Besim Beyazit Bilgin
Birol Boaçhan Bora Bozkurt Bülent Bulut
Bumin Bünyamin Burak Burç Burçin Burhan
Burhanettin Busra Çaatay Cabbar Cafer

Çaglar

Cahid Cahil Cahit Çaka Çalayan Can
Cancin Celâl Celalettin Çelik Celil Cem
Cemal Cemil Cenap Cengiz Cenk Cerrâh
Çetin Cevat Cevdet Ceyhun Cihan Cihangir
Civan Çonar Çorlulu Coþar Coþkun Cumhur
Cüneyt Damad Daniþ Dâvûd Ðbrahim Ðdris
Deha Demir Deniz Derin Derviþ Derya
Devrim Ðhsan Dilaver Dinçer Ðlhami Ðlhan
Ðlkay Ðlker Ðlkin Ðmdat Ðnsan Doga
Doruk Doukan Ðsa Ðshak Ðskender Ðslam
Ðsmail Ðsmet Dünya Dursun Durukan Durul
Duyal Duygu Ðzzet Ðzzettin Edip Ediz
Efe Efecan Eflatun Ege Egemen Ejder
Ekber Ekmel Ekmeleddin Ekrem Elmali¤ Elvan
Emin Emir Emrah Emre Ender Engin
Enis Enver Ercan Ercüment Erdal Erdem
Erden Erdinç Erem Eren Erenay Ergin
Ergün Erhan Erim Erkan Erkin Erman
Erol Ersin Ersoy Ertaç Ertan Ertem
Erten Erþat Esad Esin Eski Ethem
Eþref Etkin Etugrul Evliyâ Evren Evrim
Eyüp Ezerhan Ezhan Fadðl Fadlullâh Fahrettin
Fahri Faik Fakir Faruk Fatih Fatin
Fazðl Fazil Fðrat Fehim Fehmi Ferda
Ferdi Ferhan Ferhat Ferid Ferit Feroz
Ferruh Fethi Fevsi Fevzi Feyzi Feza
Fikret Fikri Fruzin Fuad Fuat Fusan
Galip Gani Garip Gâwân Gazi Gedik
Genco Giray Gökay Gökberk Gökcan Gökçe
Göker Gökhan Gökhun Göksel Göktu Göktürk
Gülhan Gültekin Gündüz Güner Güneþ Güngör
Günhan Günter Güray Gürcan Gürel Gürsel
Güven Habib Haccî Hadis Hafðz Hakan
Haldun Halil Halim Halis Halit Haluk
Hamdi Hami Hamit Hamza Hasad Hasan
Hasbi Hatay Haþim Haþmet Hayati Haydar
Hayri Hazðm Hðnçal Hðzðr Hersek Hikmet
Hilmi Himmet Hiþam Hüdaverdi Hüdâyî Hulusi
Hulya Hun Huri Hurþit Hüsamettin Hüseyin
Hüsnü Hüsrev Huysus Ibrahim Ihsan Ilhan
Ilnur Inceefe Inönü Irfan Isâ Ishâk
Ismâil Ismet Isoka Jalâl Jelal Jemal
Kaan Kâdi Kadir Kâdizâde Kadri Kafkas
Kahil Kalkashandî Kamber Kamer Kâmil Kamuran
Kara Kartal Kâsim Kâtip Kaya Kayahan
Kayî Kayitbay Kazðm Kðvanç Kemal Kenan
Kerem Kerim Khaldûn Khurshi Kiral Kirkor
Kîzîbas Koca Köksal Köprülü Koray Korkmaz
Korkud

Korkut

Kubilay Kudret Kulu Kumsal
Kurat Kursat Kurt Kürþat Kutbeddîn Kutlu
Kutsal Kutsi Kutuz Kuzey Latif Lemi
Levent Lokman Lutfî Lütfü Macit Mahir
Mahmûd Mahmut Mahzun Mandirali Maulânâ Mazhar
Mecnun Mehmed Mehmet Melih Melik Memduh
Memir Menderes Mengüç Mert Mesîh Mestan
Mesut Mete Metin Mevlut Midhat Mihram
Mircea Mirim Muammar Muammer Mücahit Mucip
Muhammed Muhan Muhittin Muhsin Muhtar Muhteþem
Müjdat Mulk Mümin Mümtaz Münir Munis
Murâd Murat Mûsâ Mustafa Mustapha Müþfik
Muzaffer Naci Nadir Nafiz Nail Naim
Namik Narin Nasîr Nasreddîn Nasûh Naþit
Nazðm Nazim Nazmi Necat Necati Necdet
Necip Necmeddin Necmettin Necmi Nedim Nejat
Nesim Nesîmî Nesrî Neþet Nezih Nihat
Nimet Niyazi Nizâm Nizamettin Nizami Nuh
Nuhmete Numan Nur Nurcan Nureddin Nuri
Nurtaç Nurþat Nüzhet Ogan Oguz Ohannes
Okan Okay Oktar Oktay Okyay Olcay
Ömer Önal Onan Onur Onuralp Orhan
Orkun Orkut Oruç Osmân Othman Oytun
Oyuz Ozalan Ozan Özay Özbek Özcan
Özdemir Özden Özen Özer Özgür Özkan
Pðnar Peroz Piyale Polat Rafet Ragðp
Raghib Râgib Ramazan Rauf Rðdvan Rðfat
Rðfkð Rðza Recai Recber Recep Refet
Refik Reha Remzi Renç Resat Reshid
Resîd Resit Reþat Reþit Rifaat Riza
Rüknettin Rushd Rüstem Rûstû Sabahattin Sabit
Sacit Sadðk Sadettin Sadi Sadik Sadri
Sadun Saffiy Sâhîn Saim Sait Sakir
Salih Salik Salim Saltuk Sâmîzâde Sancakil
Sarî Sarp Saruhan Savaþ Savcî Sayyid
Sðdðk Sðtkð Seçkin Sefa Sefer Sehinsah
Selçuk Selim Selmân Semavi Semih Sener
Sercan Serdar Seref Serhan Serhat Serkan
Sertaç Sertan Servet Sevilen Sevket Seyfi
Seyh Seyhan Sezer Shâhrukh Sihâb Sihâbeddîn
Sînâ Sinan Sinasi Sipahi Sokollu Soner
Sönmez Srader Suat Sübidey Süccâ Sükür
Süleyman Sümer Sundak Suphi Süreyya Tabari
Tabeeb Tabib Tacettin Tahir Tahsin Takiyyüddîn
Talip Tamer Tan Taner Tanju Tankut
Tansel Tarðk Tarkan Taþkðn Tayfun Taygun
Taylan Taymiyya Tayyar Tayyib Tekin Temel
Temizkanoglu Teoman Tesa Tevfik Tevrat Tezcan
Þaban Þafak Þahab Þakir Þamil Þecaattin
Þefik Þemsi Þener Þenol Þentürk Þeref
Þerif Þevket Þevki Þinasi Þükrü Timuçin
Timur Toktamðþ Tolan Tolga Tolunay Toros
Tosun Toygar Tufan Tulon Tuluhan Tümay
Tuna Tunay Tunç Tuncay Tuncer Turan
Turgay Turgut Turhan Türkay Türkekul Türker
Türkol Tursun Turusan Tutku Tuzmen Ufuk
Ugur Ulu Uluç Ulugh Ulvi Ümit
Umur Umut Ünal Ünver Ünyay Utkan
Utku Ûveys Uygur Uzay Uzun Vadim
Vahit Varnik Varol Vecdi Vedat Vefa
Veli Volkan Vural Vuslat Yahya Ya'kûb
Yakup Yalçðn Yalðm Yalðn Yalman Yaman
Yasar Yasin Yaþar Yavuz Yðldðray Yðldðrðm
Yðlmaz Yekta Yemisçi Yîldîrîm Yilmaz Yücel
Yüksel Yunus Yurcel Yurdakul Yurtsev Yusuf
Zafer Zeheb Zekai Zeki Zeren Zeynel
Zihni Ziya Zülfü      

Female

Açelya Adalet Adile Afet Ahsen Ahu
Ajda Aksel Alara Alev Aliye Arzu
Asiye Aslð Aslðhan Asuman Asya Aþkðn
Aybüke Ayça Aycan Ayçin Aydan Ayfer
Aygen Aygül Ayhun Ayla Aylin Ayse
Aysel Aysu Aysun Aytaç Ayten Ayþðn
Ayþe Ayþegul Ayþem Ayþen Azime Azize
Bahar Bahriye Banu Baþak Bedia Bedriye
Begüm Behice Behiye Belgin Beli Belkðs
Belma Benan Bengi Bengisu Bengül Bensu
Berfu Beria Beril Berna Berrak Berrin
Beste Betil Betül Beyhan Beyza Bihter
Bikem Bilge Billur Binnaz Binnur Birdal
Birgül Birsen Birsu Buket Bulent Burçak
Burcu Burin Bürke Büþra Ça¤La Ça¤Rð
Cagdas Cagri Cahide Canan Cansu Cemile
Cemre Cennet Ceyda Ceyden Ceylan Ceylin
Ciçek Çidem Çiler Çolpan Damla Ðdil
Defne Demet Deniz Denktash Deren Derya
Destan Deste Ðffet Dicle Didem Dilan
Dilar Dilara Diler Dilhan Dilruba Ðkbal
Ðlkben Ðlke Ðlknur Ðlksen Ðmg.E Ðmran
Ðnci Döndü Ðpek Ðrem Dünya Dürdane
Duygu Ðzel Ebru Ece Efromiya Ekin
Ela Elçin Elif Elmas Elvan Emel
Emine Enise Esel Esen Eser Esin
Esma Esmeray Esra Esrin Eti Evþen
Eylem Eylül Ezgi Fadik Fadime Fadiþ
Fahriye Fahrünissa Fatma Fazilet Fehime Fem
Ferah Feray Ferda Feride Feriha Feryal
Feyza Fidan Figen Fikriye Filiz Firdevs
Fitnat Fügen Fuldem Fulden Fulin Fulya
Funda Füsun Gò Lbahur Gamze Gaye Gizem
Gökben Gökçe Gonca Gönül Gözde Güher
Gül Gülbahar Gülben Gülçin Güldem Gülden
Güldeste Gülen Güler Gülfem Gülgün Gülistan
Gülizar Güllü Gülnaz Gülpembe Gülriz Gülsen
Gulsevin Gülsüm Gülsün Gülten Gülþen Günay
Günce Güner Güneþ Güngör Güniz Günsel
Günseli Gürcan Güven Güzide Güzin Hafise
Hafize Hale Halide Hamide Hamiyet Handan
Hande Hanðm Hanife Harika Hasibe Havva
Hayal Hayat Hayriye Hayrunissa Hayrünissa Hazan
Hediye Hilal Hulya Hülya Hümeyra Hüner
Huri Huriye Hürmüz Hürrem Hürriyet Hüsniye
Ilðm Ilgðn Itðr Iþðk Iþðl Iþðlay
Iþðn Jale Jülide Kader Kadriye Kamelya
Kamile Kamran Kamuran Katife Kðsmet Kðvan
Kðvanç Kðymet Keriman Kevser Kezban Kiraz
Kösem Kumru Kutlay Lale Lalegün Lalehan
Lâtife Leman Leyla Lütfiye Macide Mahfuze
Makbule Manolya Maral Masal Mðsra Mefkure
Mehpare Mehtap Mehveþ Melda Melek Meliha
Melike Melis Melisa Melodi Meltem Menekþe
Meral Meriç Merih Merve Meryem Mihriban
Mihrimah Mihrimâh Mine Miraç Mualla Müberra
Mücella Müesser Müge Muhteþem Müjde Mukadder
Mukaddes Mükrime Münire Munise Müþerref Mutlu
Muzaffer Naciye Nadide Nadire Nadiye Nalan
Naþide Naz Nazan Nazlð Nazmiye Nebahat
Necla Necmiye Nehir Nergis Neriman Nermin
Neslihan Nesliþah Nesrin Neþe Netice Nevcivan
Neveda Nevin Nevra Nevriye Neya Neyla
Neylan Nezaket Nezihe Nigar Nihal Nihan
Nil Nilgün Nilufer Nilüfer Nimet Nisa
Nisan Nükhet Nur Nural Nuran Nuray
Nurcan Nurgül Nurhan Nuriye Nursel Nurseli
Nursen Nurten Nurþen Olcay Omay Ömür
Oya Öykü Özge Özlem Oznur Pakize
Papatya Pðnar Pðrðltð Pelin Pembe Peri
Perihan Perran Pertev Pervin Petek Piraye
Rabia Rana Renan Rengin Reyhan Reyyan
Rezzan Roxelana Ruya Rüya Saadet Sabahat
Sabiha Sabite Sabriye Sacide Safiye Sahiba
Saliha Salime Sam Samime Sanem Saniye
Sarila Saziment Sðdðka Sðla Sðrma Sebahat
Seçil Seda Sedef Seden Seher Selda
Selen Selin Selma Selva Selvi Sema
Semahat Semiha Semiramis Semra Sena Senay
Seniha Serap Serin Serpil Serra Seskin
Sevda Sevdi Sevgi Sevil Sevim Sevinç
Sevtap Sevval Seyhan Seyyal Sezen Sezer
Sibel Sifne Sim Simge Simten Sinem
Siren Sisi Solmaz Sonay Songül Su
Suat Süher Süheyla Sükriye Sülen Sultan
Sümeyya Sumru Suna Sunay Sungu Suzan
Tansu Tanyeli Tayyibe Tezer Þadiye Þafak
Þahika Þaziye Þebnem Þefika Þehnaz Þehrazat
Þelale Þenay Þengül Þeniz Þennur Þermin
Þevval Þeyda Þeyma Þiir Þima Þükran
Þükriye Þule Tuba Tülay Tülin Turhan
Türkan Turna Tutku Ülker Ülkü Ulviye
Ümmiye Ümmühan Ünsel Ünseli Vahide Vanga
Verda Vesile Vicdan Vildan Yakut Yaprak
Yasemin Yasmur Yazgül Yðldðz Yelda Yeliz
Yeter Yeþim Yonca Yosun Yücel Yüksel
Yurdagül Yurdanur Zafer Zaide Zehra Zekiye
Zeliha Zerrin Zeynap Zeynep Zeyno Zeyrep
Zeyrip Ziþan Ziynet Zübeyde Zühal Zühre
Zülal Züleyha Zülfiye Zümrüt    

Surnames

Abas Agca Akalay Akbulut Aksoy Al-Chagmini
Al-Dîn Al-Fanari Alican Al-Jurjâni Al-Marghînânî Alpay
Al-Sakkâkî Al-Suhrawardî Al-Taftânî Al-Taftazânî Altinkaynak Altinyildiz
Al-Zamakhsharî And Aras Aricanli Arif Arikan
Arslan Atil Avsar Aybar Aydin Aygun
Bahçeli Balian Basar Basgil Batur Bayar
Baykurt Bayram Bedreddin Bedreddîn Behramoglu Belciler
Bele Berkes Besikci Binark Birand Birdal
Boratav Bozbeyli Bulent Burhânneddin † elebi † elik
† evdet Cagman Cakar Çakmak Canbulatoglu Çandarli
Cebesoy Çelebi Cetin Cetinok Cevik Cig
Cikirikci Ciller Cobanoglu Çölasan Cömert Corekci
Cosar Coskun Danishmend Demirel Demirtas Denktash
Derbil Deringil Dikerdem Dogramaci Dursun Ebûssüûd
Ece Ecevit Edebali Edip Erbakan Ercan
Erez Ergin Erim Erkal Erkan Erol
Ersoy Ertegun Ertugrul Evren Eyice Feyzioglu
GØ cek Gò rcar Gâzi Gazioglu Gelik Gencebay
Gezmen Göçek Gökalp Goyman Göyünc Guney
Günver Gurânî Gurcan Gürler Gürsel Guzey
Haktanir Halici Halil Halis Halit Hami
Hanîminönü Haydaroglu Hayreddîn Hikmet Hoca Hocazâde
Ihsanoglu Ilahi Ilker Ilkin Inalcik Inan
Inanc Inci Inonu Inönü Ipekçi Isa
Isikli Jirecek Kadri Kapkin Karabekir Karaosmanglu
Karatay Karpat Kasaba Kasapoglu Kavur Kaynetli
Kazancigil Kazaz Kemal Kemalettin Kerimoglu Keyder
Killic Kiraç Koprulu Koraltan Korcan Korkmaz
Korkut Korutürk Kostadinov Küçük Kunt Kurtbek
Kusçu Kütchük Lüfi Madakbas Makal Mandirali
Mansur Mardin Masûkî Melen Menderes Muaviye
Müge Mumcu Murat Musa Necipoglu Nedim
Nisancî Nuri Ogun Ögûtmen Ökte Orbay
Orga Orhan Osman Osmanoglu Oyan Öz
Özal Ozalan Özbudun Özdaglaar Özergin Özko¸ ak
Öztorun Pakalîn Pamuk Periganovlu Polatkan Rahim
Raif Ramsaur Recep Rûmî Rustu Rüstü
Safavî Saffet Saglam Saltik Samim Sancakli
Sandalli Sarcoglu Segem Selâniki Selçuk Sengor
Serif Sertel Sevim Seyh Sezer Sezgin
Shushud Sihâbeddîn Sinan Skender Soylu Suker
Suleymanoglu Sunalp Sunay Tagmaç Talu Tanaoglu
Tanju Tansel Tarik Tasilova Tasköprülüzâde Tatlises
Tavukcu Tayfur Temiz Topaloglu Toprak Torlak
Torumtay Tufan Tugai Tuna Tunc Tuncay
Tural Turk Türkes Uche Ugurlu Ulusu
Üruisamoglu Uzunçarsili Vaner Vedat Virgin Yakin
Yalçin Yalpat Yamak Yazîcî Yazîcîoglu Yazîcîzâde
Yigit Yildiz Yildizoglu Yilmanz Yilmaz Yucel
Yuksel Zafer Zaganos Zorlu    

Rulers

Attalids

Philetaerus BC    

5 kings

     
Eumenes III      

Ghaznavids

Alptigin 962-    

Ottoman Emperors : Osmanli Dynasty

Name Reign (AD) Relationship  
Osman I 1280-1324    
Orhan 1324-62    
Murad I 1362-89    
Bayezid I the Thunderbolt 1389-1402    
Isa 1402-3    
Suleiman 1402-11    
Mesa 1409-13    
Mehmed I 1413-21    
Murad II 1421-51    
Mehmed II 1451-81    
Bayazid II 1481-1512 dep. son of Mohamed II  
Selim I 1512-20 3rd son of Selim I  
Suleiman I the Magnificent 1520-66 son of Selim I  
Selim II the Sot 1566-74 3rd son of Suleiman I  
Murad III 1574-95 son of Selim II  
Mehmed III 1595-1603 son of Murad III  
Ahmed I 1603-17 son of Mohamed III  
Mustapha I 1617-18 dep. 2nd son of Mohamed III  
Osman II 1618-22 1st son of Ahmed I  
Mustapha I restored 1622-3    
Murad IV 1623-40 2nd son of Ahmed IV  
Ibrahim I 1640-48 dep. 3rd son of Ahmed IV  
Mehmed IV 1648-87 dep.    
Suleiman II 1687-91    
Ahmed II 1691-5    
Mustafa II 1695-1703 dep.    
Ahmed III 1703-30 dep.    
Mahmud I 1730-54    
Osman III 1754-7    
Mustafa III 1757-74    
Abdulhamid I 1774-89    
Selim III 1789-1807    
Mustafa IV 1807-8    
Mahmud II 1808-39    
Abdulmecid I 1839-61    
Abdulaziz 1861-76    
Murad V 1876    
Abdulhamid II 1876-1909    
Mehmed V 1909-18    
Mehmed VI Vahiduddun 1918-22    
Abdulmecid II 1922-4