Russian Surnames

These did not become inherited until about the C14th and were not common until modern times. Many were formed from bynames or nicknames, with the patronymic endings '-ov' and '-ev' for a male, or by adding a common adjective to the given name with the masculine endings '-ii','-oi', '-yi' and the feminine '-iaia' or '-aia'. Before inherited surnames became normal, many women had a possessive form of byname which indicated to whom they belonged, usually the husband. The feminine endings '-skaia' or '-aia' were added to a patronymic form based on the husband's name. In Western Russia, this sometimes occurred in masculine forms ('-skii' or '-ii') which may have been influenced by Polish.

Surnames can also indicate geographical origins. There are several forms in which a placename can be used : like a patronymic ending in' -vich' with the adjectival ending '-ski' or as a noun with the endings '-in' or '-kin' and the suffix '-ets' also occurring.

Names in the following list are written in the forms in which they were encountered so some may be anglicised or in feminine forms.

Abelev Abramova Agletdinova
Aisenyev Akhatova Aleksashkin
Alenichev Alexandrei Alliluyeva
Alyabyev Anchova Andropov
Anissina Antipova Antsyforov
Antyuhin Aparina Apraxin
Arsov Artamova Asimov
Astapkovich Astyafyeva Averbukh
Aznabaev Bagirli Baich
Baikov Bakhtin Bakhvalova
Bakunin Balakirev Balakleets
Balanchine Balk Banketik
Barabanschikova Baranova Baranski
Barishnikov Baronova Barshai
Barsukov Bartnev Bartrev
Baryatinsky Bashmet Basilevsky
Batalova Batkin Batukhtina
Baturin Bazhukov Beketov
Belaia Belanov Belenki
Beletsky Belikov Beloi
Belotserkovsky Belova Belyakova
Beregovoi Berezhnaya Bereznity
Berezovsky Beria Bershadensky
Berzin Bestemianova Bezborodov
Bezmel Bezmelnizin Bezuhov
Biktagirova Biriukova Biryukova
Bizony Blodnieks Blotski
Bobrikov Bobylev Bocharkov
Bochkarer Bogdanskii Boklov
Bolkonsky Bondarenko Borichevskiy
Borisenko Borisova Borodin
Borshevsky Borzakov Borzakovsky
Boujinsky Bounine Bratus
Brechkovsky Brezhnev Briansky
Brilev Brish Britanov
Brize Buchkiev Budarin
Bukharin Bukin Bukolov
Bukosky Bulygina Bure
Burlachenko Bushmanov Buteyko
Butkovsky Butyrskaya Bychovskaya
Byko Bykovsky Bytchkov
Bzowski Chahine Chaikovskaya
Chaliapin Charkov Chastakorlenka
Chausova Chazov Chebykima
Chekhol Chemerkin Cherchesov
Chernavin Chernekov Chernienko
Chernisova Chernitsky Chernomyrdin
Chernov Chernovol Chernyaev
Chernyovskaya Chesnokov Cheykina
Chichagov Chichelnitsky Chicherin
Chikachev Chistiakov Chistyakova
Chmil Chorkina Chtgheglovski
Chubais Chuchnova Chugainov
Chuikov Chzov Czartoryska
Daletsky Dashkov Davidenko
Davydova Dekanozov Dementieva
Demeter Demichev Demidenko
Demine Demirchan Demochev
Derevenko Desny Diemchuk
Dikul Dityatev Djorkaeff
Dmytryk Dobtcheff Doletskaya
Dolgikh Dolgonosov Dolgopolova
Dolgorouki Dolohov Dolukhanov
Donkina Donkova Donskoy
Dorogaia Dorogoi Dozhdalev
Dratshev Drevnerussky Drygin
Dubkova Dubnikov Dubrovskiy
Duchovny Dunayevskaya Dyachenko
Dyakov Dyalov Dzhamgerchinov
Eghove Ekk Ekomov
Eltsov Erikeev Erin
Evdikimov Faustin Fedotova
Fedyushhyna Feofanova Fibingerova
Filipov Filischkin Flerko
Fokine Fortunatov Gabrelovic
Gagarin Gaidar Galipova
Galiyeva Galperin Gamow
Ganelin Gapon Gataullin
Gauk Gavrilenko Gavrilov
Gavryliouk Gaznayev Georgian
Gerasimov Gergiev Gerschenkron
Ghukov Gladishiva Glazunov
Glebov Glebovich Globenko
Godina Goguniv Gogunov
Golitsin Golovanov Golovastov
Golovina Golovnin Golubev
Golubkhov Goncharenko Gorbachev
Gorban Gorbenko Gorbunov
Gorchakov Gordeyeva Gordieva
Gordievsky Gorlovich Goryachev
Govorov Grachev Gratcheva
Graudyn Gretchaninov Grindenko
Grinkov Grishkuv Grishuk
Gritsenko Gromaba Gromyko
Grosha Grosheva Grusov
Gshalaev Gubin Guleghina
Gulfina Gulianskoi Guliyev
Gulyayeva Gurdjieff Gurevich
Gurina Gurov Guseinev
Guseinov Gusev Gusyeva
Gutionov Guznishcheva Harkov
Hvorostovsky Ignatova Illich-Svitych
Iltchenko Ilyukhin Instinsky
Ipatiev Isyanov Itsov
Ivakina Ivanski Ivelitsch
Izmailova Jakov Jelavich
Jeloudov Jidkova Jiganov
Kafelnikov Kalawinsky Kaledin
Kalinnikov Kamensky Kanatova
Kanchelskis Kapustin Karamzin
Karataev Karbonenko Karelin
Karenin Karin Karklins
Karnovich Karpenko Karpin
Karpol Kartashkin Kartusev
Kasheyev Kasparkova Katchora
Katenin Katko Katzev
Kautsky Kavelin Kayakova
Kayukova Kazakova Kazapov
Kebin Keppenrus Kerensky
Kerimov Kevorkov Khadartsev
Khamidouline Khasbulatov Kherpina
Khersontsev Khlopnova Khohklov
Khoklov Kholodov Khostov
Khotliykova Khubova Khudorozkina
Khvostov Kichetich Kikorov
Kiriyenko Kirmasov Kirov
Kiryakov Kirygin Kislykh
Kissin Kliugin Klossovsky
Klutrova Klyugin Knivelyova
Knoroz Kochetkova Kochuokova
Koikov Kokorev Kolotcha
Kolyvanov Komar Komorov
Komyagina Konchalovsky Kondrackiy
Kondrash Kondrashchenko Kondrashin
Kondrashov Kondratenko Kondrationok
Kondratiuk Konoroz Konovalev
Konovalov Konychev Koptev
Kopul Korneev Korneyev
Korolev Korotkaia Korotkii
Korotya Korshanenko Korzhanenk
Korzhanenko Koslov Kosov
Kossakovsky Kostina Kosygin
Kotlyarova Kotova Koukleva
Kouldeva Koulikov Koulikovsky
Kouptchinski Kournikova Koussevitzky
Kovalenko Kovalyov Kovlun
Kovtun Kozmin Kozyrev
Kramarenko Krasnaia Krasnyi
Kravchuk Kravtsov Krishtoforich
Krivelyova Kropotkin Krukov
Krylov Krylova Kshessinska
Kubarev Kudratsyeva Kudreyavtsev
Kudrov Kulik Kulikova
Kulikovskaya Kupchenko Kupetsky
Kuptchenko Kurennoy Kursinska
Kusovlfa Kutaisov Kutuzov
Kutzow Kuzenkova Kuzmenko
Kuznetsova Lantzeff Lasovskaya
Laukhova Lavrin Lavrov
Lazarenko Lazarev Lazovert
Lazutina Lazutkin Lebedev
Lebedjev Lebedyenko Lebziak
Legotine Leiferkus Lelyushenko
Lemontev Lenskaya Leonov
Leontev Lepechin Lepushin
Lermontov Lescheva Leschova
Leshcheva Levitsky Liadov
Liapina Liapun Ligachev
Likhovtseva Linchuk Litvak
Litvinov Llyumzhinov Lobacheva
Lobanov Lobodin Lobov
Loginov Lounaeva Lukyanov
Lupandin Lutrova Luzhkov
Lvov Lyakhov Lyakhova
Lyapunov Machtcenko Macinko
Mahayev Maigourov Maikov
Maisky Makaricheva Malashenko
Malchugina Malenkov Maligina
Malikov Malinina Malkov
Malyeshev Mamedov Mamine
Manakov Mandelstam Manucharov
Marashov Marchenko Marfina
Marinin Marisova Markova
Marov Martinov Maruseva
Mashchenko Maskhadov Masterkova
Matsukovitch Matulik Mayorsky
Mazipov Mazzhorin Mekhdiev
Melamid Melekhin Mendeleeva
Merinov Meshcheryakova Miasnikov
Mikhaylichenko Mikhaylova Mikitenko
Mikoyan Mikucki Milyukov
Mindlin Minkowski Miroshnichenkp
Mishin Mizin Mizirov
Modin Mokashev Molchaoff
Molchenoff Moldovan Molodin
Molotov Moltinova Monuts
Morchenko Morgunova Moroshkin
Morozov Morozova Moskalets
Moskvina Mostovoi Motkova
Motorina Motova Moujoukine
Mozarov Mravinsky Mullova
Murin Mushailov Nagalitsev
Nakhimoff Nakhimov Narimanov
Narozhylenko Naryshkin Nasemnova
Nasenko Nassarouline Naumov
Nazarova Nebogatoff Nedzelski
Negodiaev Nelidov Nelyubova
Nenov Nesterenko Neverov
Nevolin Nevskaja Nikanova
Nikiforov Nikiforovic Nikitin
Nikolaevsky Nikolin Nikonov
Nikulina Nizienko Nizovtseva
Nosov Nosova Novakovsky
Novokoff Novokov Novosi
Obolensky Obukhov Obukov
Ofonasev Ofonasii Ogienko
Ogonyok Oistrakh Oleksandr
Oleksei Oleneva Oleshuk
Olevsky Omelchenko Onopco
Onopko Onton Ordina
Orlov Ortoff Ostaltsov
Ostrogorsky Ostrovsky Otkupshchikov
Ovcharenko Ovcharova Ovchinnikov
Ovinko Ovsianikov Ovsiannikov
Pakhomov Pamyatnikh Pankratev
Pankratov Panova Pantiukhova
Parshin Pasternak Pastukhar
Pasunin Patsayev Patsayeva
Pechenkin Pencherjevsky Pervaia
Pervoi Peskow Petlyuk
Petrachkov Petrovin Piaskovsky
Piekha Pilkin Pintusevich
Piontkowsky Pitoev Platov
Plekhanov Pletrev Plotinikov
Plushenko Pobedonostev Podgorni
Podkopayeva Polivanov Polyansky
Poniatowski Popov Popova
Popovwych Porkhomov Porkhomovskiy
Porzezinski Potemkin Poushkin
Pralnikov Predikin Preminin
Prerovsky Press Prianichikov
Prigogine Primakov Prinkhassov
Privalov Privalova Prjevalski
Produnova Prokhorov Prokina
Prokouriakof Prokourorov Proniakin
Pronin Protopopov Pshenichny
Puchkina Pudovkin Purishkevitch
Putin Putyatin Rachmanova
Radimov Ragulin Rakmaninova
Rakov Randova Raschupchin
Rashchupkina Raskolnikov Rasputin
Razumovsky Rebikov Reshetnikova
Revnik Rezanov Rochev
Rodionov Rodnina Rodzianko
Rogachova Rokhlin Rokossovsky
Romanovros Romasko Rosikhina
Rospev Rossovskaya Rost
Rostov Rostovtzeff Rostropovich
Rozhdestvensky Rozhestvensky Rubin
Rudakov Rukovskaya Rumianova
Rumiantsev Rumiantseva Rusayev
Ryabov Ryaov Ryashkina
Rybin Rybkin Ryndenko
Ryumin Ryzhkov Rzaev
Sadova Sadykov Safin
Saitov Salamov Samarin
Samsurov Sanhusky Sanshin
Sapozhinsky Satine Satyev
Sautin Sazhin Sazonov
Schubine Seleznyov Semago
Semak Semeoff Semetov
Semiriaga Sepols Serafinowicz
Serdiuk Serebryannikov Sergeyev
Serimanov Seriogin Sevnik
Sevruk Shabunin Shakirova
Shalaev Shalagin Shalimov
Shanin Sharivker Sharova
Shayduko Shcherbina Shekhodanova
Shekodanova Shengelai Sheptekita
Sheremetev Sherikov Shikolenko
Shirokaia Shirokii Shiryayev
Shishagina Shishkova Shistyer
Shistyev Shkadov Shostakovich
Shpigun Shubukin Shuiski
Shulgin Shvakova Shvanov
Shvanova Shvedov Sidelnikov
Sidorenko Sikorski Silvashko
Simonovitch Simutenkov Sinaisky
Sinchukova Sipyengin Skobelov
Skvortsov Slatkin Slutskaya
Smetanine Smettanina Smimova
Smirnov Smitten Sobchak
Sokolov Sokov Soldatova
Solovyev Sonkin Sosimenko
Sosunov Sotnikova Soukherman
Soukhotin Spasenieva Spiakov
Stanchinsky Stankina Stapkovich
Staradumov Starikovich Starkova
Starovoitova Starvoitova Stefanyshyn
Stelmakh Stepashin Stiachkov
Stolin Stoljarov Stolypin
Strizhakov Strogolev Sudakov
Sudnik Superanaskaia Superanskaia
Svartsevich Svatkowski Svetlanov
Sviridov Sytsov Tabanov
Talietzin Tamirov Tarasov
Tarasova Tchaikovskaya Tchechenko
Tchelychev Tchepikov Tchesnov
Telasnikov Telyanin Temirkanov
Temnikova Terentev Tereskovna
Tikhomirov Timkowski Timoshinin
Tiomkin Titov Titovich
Tokarev Tolstov Tomlin
Tonkov Topchina Toporov
Totmianina Trandenkova Tranderkov
Trefiolov Tretyak Tretyakov
Triron Trubachev Trush
Trushin Tsarapkin Tsarev
Tsibliyev Tsilevich Tsirempilov
Tsyganova Tsymbaler Tukhbatulin
Tumanova Tupikov Tupolev
Turabiev Turov Tverdokhleb
Tverskaya Tyukhay Tyurin
Udalov Udovin Uijanov
Ukhtomsky Ulyanov Uritski
Uvarova Vaelbe Valeev
Varenkov Vasiliev Vdovin
Vedrine Venclova Vengerov
Verbitsky Vershinina Vertinskaya
Vezirov Vichkanova Vishnevskaya
Vitkowskii Vladigerov Vlascenko
Voikevich Volchtowa Voleikov
Volosheninov Volsky Vorobyov
Voronov Voronova Voropaev
Voroshilov Vorotaev Vostrikova
Vydrina Vyrubova Vyshinsky
Wakina Winogradski Witte
Woloshyn Wowk Yablokov
Yagudin Yakolev Yakovlev
Yakushkin Yanovski Yanovsky
Yatskaya Yavlinsky Yefrimov
Yegupov Yeltsin Yemelyanev
Yevdokimov Yevteushenko Yiyakova
Yudina Yumashev Yuran
Yusupov Zablosky Zablotny
Zacharov Zadorozhnyi Zagorinskaya
Zajaczek Zakarova Zamolodchikova
Zasekin Zbruev Zbruyev
Zegouniov Zeitzev Zelenskaya
Zenchikov Zerbaliev Zharov
Zhdanov Zheronkin Zheronkina
Zhirinovsky Zhivanevskaya Zhukov
Zhuvova Zimyatov Zinovieff
Zinoviev Zjukovski Zolkin
Zotkin Zubov Zuibimov